You will visit:• Almaty
The location of Almaty in the south-east of Kazakhstan is unique. It is surrounded by mountains, steppes, deserts. The city, which has a history of two and a half centuries, stretches at the foot of Zailiyskiy Alatau - the northern ridge of the Tien Shan. Today it is a megapolis with a developed infrastructure.
Many travelers penetrated here in the second half of the XIX-th century. The military fortification Verniy in the foothills of Zailiyskiy Alatau was founded by the Russian government in 1854. Major Peremyshelskiy led the construction of the Cossack village. In 1867, Verniy became the center of the Semirechensk region, which became part of the Turkestan governorship. Petr Petrovich Semenov is a Russian scientist, geographer, botanist, statistician, state and public figure, vice-chairman of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society who came to this region and later received an honorary prefix Tyanshanskiy to his surname.
In 1859 the surveyor Golubev from St. Petersburg noted the settlement Verniy as a point so this place first appeared on the world map. Russian immigrants began to arrive in the fortification since 1885 and they were amazed at the abundance of apple trees in the foothills. In 1921 the city was renamed to Alma-Ata, which in Kazakh means “father of apples”.
Choosing this tour, you will experience an exciting trip by bus/car with a guide's story about the history and development of Almaty. You also will get acquainted with the main sights of the megapolis.
Tour details• duration – 1 day;
• when to visit – all year round;
• the tour is on the Almaty City area;
• transport – comfortable bus/car;
• Important information;
• please, wear comfortable clothes.
• Tour inclusions:
• entry fees to attractions;
• the stories and services of a guide;
• services of a photographer.
In the framework of the tour you will get acquainted with main sights of Almaty.
The residence of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan was built in the city center in 1995. First President Nursultan Nazarbayev worked here until the time when the capital of the country was moved to the north, to Astana, and during his visits to the southern capital of Kazakhstan. The modern architectural complex includes various administrative buildings, as well as a television complex for the production of films and programs dedicated to the activities of the Government. The presidential complex is located near the Akimat of the city, where decisions are made on the development of the city. The First President's Park has also been opened in Almaty, where many mass events are held, including bike rides and marathons.
The central market of Almaty is called the Green Bazaar. It is located on two levels and here you can buy almost everything that is produced and grows both in Kazakhstan and in neighboring countries. Uzbeks sell nuts and dried fruits, spicy Korean salads are very popular with citizens and tourists, there are piles of colorful vegetables and fruits on the shelves, in the meat pavilion you can buy not only meat and poultry but also delicious semi-finished products - tongue, boiled pork, corned beef, kazy. And of course the Green Bazaar abounds in oriental sweets. Baklava, chak-chak, navat, suzhuk - these magic foods will lift your spirits.
The archive of film and photo documents and sound records contains scenes shot at the Central Stadium of the city of Almaty. Athletes are running, and among them is the first envoy of the Kazakh SSR to the summer Olympic Games in Melbourne, Alexander Kadayikin. Football team “Kairat” is playing and the stands are roaring, supporting their favorite team. In winter, the field was flooded and skating competitions were held at the rink. The stadium was opened in 1958, and athletes' sculptures are installed at the entrance. And nowadays matches are held (UEFA 4 category), track-and-field men set their records. Olga Shishigina Olympic champion in Sydney many times defended the title of champion of Kazakhstan on the treadmill of the legendary stadium, which was reconstructed in 2011.
Almaty is the cultural capital of Kazakhstan. The Museum of the Republic, like an encyclopedia, keeps pages of history within its walls. The collection of the museum firstly based in different places until 1985, when it received a permanent residence permit on one of the central streets of the city in a huge fundamental building. In several halls you can see archaeological finds made by scientists on the territory of the republic, the composition of the ethnographic hall will take you back to the past, Kazakhstan is represented separately during the Great Patriotic War, the collection devoted to modernity is located in a separate room. Visiting the Central State Museum of Kazakhstan, you will get an idea of the rich history of this multinational region in the center of Eurasia.
A round building with a roof resembling a mountain peak is a recognizable building of the State Circus of Kazakhstan. Graduates of the Moscow and Saratov schools, the Republican circus arts studio also surprised audience under the dome of the state circus. A group of horsemen with numbers in the national style works wonders not only in the arena but also in the cinema. Almaty circus performers, who skilfully ride horses and fight with two swords, are in demand even in Hollywood! Acrobats and aerialists teach children their art, so that the connection between generations in a circus family is not stopped.
Almaty people name the Republic Square as the New Square. It was founded in 1975. The square represents a magnificent architectural ensemble together with the surrounding buildings and a stunning view of the mountain range surrounding Almaty from the south opens from here. Two high-rise buildings separate the parade-ground from the green street named after the great Kazakh singer Kulyash Baiseitova which is decorated by fountain and ends with the Monument of Independence. Stella in the center of the Monument is crowned by a Sakian warrior, the Golden Man riding a winged leopard, which symbolizes solid state power in Kazakhstan. On the four cardinal points of the world are figures of the Sage-sky, Mother Earth and children riding on foals, which symbolizes the future of the country. Holidays and folk festivals are held on this square, the Almaty Marathon starts here.
The 28th Guards Division under the leadership of General Panfilov was formed in Almaty. 28 guys of different nationalities beat off the fascist divisions on the approaches to Moscow in 1941. One of the Almaty parks is named after 28 Panfilov heroes. Here is the House of Officers, the Cathedral, built without a single nail, as well as a museum of musical instruments. The central composition of the park is the Monument to the dead and the eternal flame, where flowers are laid. Steles with the names of immortal heroes are installed on the avenue of heroes.
Kazakh State Opera and Ballet Theater named after Abai was founded in 1934. The fundamental building of this temple of art adorns the historical center of Almaty. It is surrounded by two squares, a fountain beats at the entrance, and the interior decorates prepare the audience for a meeting with the beautiful. In the evenings, an orchestra plays here, voices of soloists are played, and ballet troupes perform. Festive events are held in the theater and, for example, awarding prizes for charity and others.
It is written in the Koran that black cumin oil treats against all diseases. This miraculous elixir can be bought at the Central Almaty Mosque, where Muslims come to pray. The mosque, topped with golden domes, was built in 1999. It can receive three thousand Muslim believers.
The complex is included in the state list of historical and architectural monuments of Almaty.
Residents of Vernoe forging cattle in the Medeo stow at an altitude of about 1,700 meters above sea level. The name was given to this place in memory of Medeo Pusurmanov, who lived here and was engaged in charity. And the world-famous alpine skating rink Medeo was built in 1972 and many records were set on its ice. The rink is flooded with clear water from a mountain river. When the sun warms, a thinnest water layer forms on the surface, which makes gliding easy. Competitions in speed skating and speedway are held here, in the evenings and at the weekends are mass skating.
Ice hockey players meet on the Medeо ice, although the most modern ice palaces were built in the city by the 2011 Asian Games, which were also used during the 2017 Universiade. In these winter days, young skaters from all over the world competed on Medeo. And many coaches, who once performed at the foot of the Zailiyskiy Alatau, were happy to return to these places.
Experts argued for a long time over whether to build a roof over the skating rink, but it was decided to leave the legendary Medeо open to all winds and sunlight. Above the rink is a dam, which protected the city from the devastating mudflow in 1973. Mountain rivers are born on glaciers, they flood in the spring and can cause catastrophe.
Business center “Nurlytau” from afar looks like the scenery for the grand fantastic film. The huge town of high-rise buildings built on Al-Farabi Avenue, encircling the city at the top. There is the Presidential Complex, the Museum of the Republic, Almaty City Akimat, the Institute for Strategic Studies and the adjacent park, decorated with modern sculptural compositions nearby, where fir-trees grow in abundance and brisk squirrels run from one tree to another.
There are offices of numerous companies in Nurlytau, which means that new projects are born and business ideas arise there.
A hundred meters high, with a button in the elevators, pointing to the 25th floor, built a multi-functional business complex “Almaty Towers”. These buildings are the addition to the Hyatt Regency Hotel, which houses restaurants, business centers and many other organizations. The headquarters of the Asian Winter Games of 2011 was located in one of the buildings. The unique lighting gives to these towers a special charm city.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, a large earthquake occurred in Almaty, after which it was forbidden to erect buildings made of stone. But people only wanted to save the forest, but they needed houses. Each felled tree was taken into account, and foresters worked on planted forests, and the city grew. Plate to plate, without the use of metal pins, nails and hammers, the architect Zenkov built the Cathedral. The cathedral was a museum in Soviet times, but since Kazakhstan gained its independence, the unique structure acquired its original purpose and became an Orthodox church. Today, there are 28 flowerbeds spread around the cathedral in the park of 28 Panfilov’s heroes, flocks of pigeons fly here, and church-goers and walking city people feed them from their hands.
Marriage is an unforgettable event in the life of every person. The Almaty Wedding Palace opened its doors in 1971. The round building, made in the style of the Kazakh yurt, is located near the circus, the Central Stadium and the Rakhat pool. All these buildings, like grapes, are attached to a single stalk - the broad avenue of Abai. Almaty residents enter the Wedding Palace as groomes and brides and having exchanged rings under the dome of the yurt, they leave it as husbands and wives.
The Kok-Tube mountain is green and not high, but it offers a view of the whole city that captures the spirit. There is is the cable car station at its foot. The cable car in a matter of minutes will take you to the top of a height of just over a thousand meters, where the TV tower is located and where in 2007 the park of the same name opened. If you look at the city from here, you will understand that there is no greener and more hospitable megapolis on the Earth.