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Almaty, Kazakhstan

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Baikonur Kyzylorda

On the right bank of the Syr Darya River is the city of Kyzylorda. The history of the city starts from the beginning of the nineteenth century, when the caravan routes from Russia Ak-Mosque Fortress was built in Central Asia. After the conquest of the fortress in 1853, the generals perovskite, Ak-mosque was renamed Perovsky fort. Some time later, the city perovskite, which later became the center of Syrdarya uezda.V 1901 started the construction of Orenburg-Tashkent railway, which passes through the perovskite, which led to a sharp growth of the population. In 1905, after the commissioning of the railway Hor, in the city were built station building and the depot. April 17, 1925 at the V Congress of Soviets of the Kyrgyz ASSR Akmechet city became the capital of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and was renamed Kyzyl-Orda. The city attracted by the fact that standing on the main railway line. Today blooming Kyzylorda became the main near Syr Darya region. A significant place in the area is of course the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Baikonur is the first and largest cosmodrome in the world’s first artificial earth satellite launch to the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was given and sent to him. Today Baikonur Cosmodrome can visit anyone, to see the power and touch history in the museum of history of the cosmodrome.