Otrar and Turkestan
The excursion program:
Near the confluence of Arys transparent are the great ruins of the city Otrar.
Otrar — the city where he was born scholar Al Farabi. In the Arab sources the city is called Farab. Otrar settlement was founded in the IV century BC This center of trade and handicraft was the main point of the caravan routes between Eastern Europe and China. All medieval travelers, following from the East to the West, has always visited the city of Otrar, therefore, despite the fact that from the city only ruins remain, we have an idea of the former splendor of medieval Otrar. At the end of the 13th century Mongolian troops razed it to the ground. But, in spite of the disastrous destruction Otrar risen from the ashes and in a relatively short period of time the economically developed. To this day the remains of the citadel and other large buildings, the main gate and rabad, covering an area of about 10 square kilometers
After the glorious ruins of the city Otrar you will follow in the city of Turkestan, the city was known as a spiritual and political center of the Turkic-speaking people in the XVI-XVIII centuries and was the capital of the Kazakh Khanate.
City Turkestan Pearl of the Silk Road is one of the oldest cities not only in Kazakhstan but also throughout Central Asia, has gained widespread international fame thanks to the preaching of the famous Sufi sheikh and philosopher of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi, who was buried here, as in a small mausoleum in 1166. Now the existing mausoleum, the outer diameter of the main dome — is more than 40 m, circumference — 130 meters, height — 12 AM, was built after 233 years after his death on the orders of an outstanding military leader Emir Tamerlane, and today is a masterpiece of medieval architecture which has become one of the main places of worship for Muslims. According to legend, all attempts to erect a wall of the mausoleum failed: according to one version they endured a violent storm, in another version — appeared green bull, which is all destroyed. According to popular belief the road to Turkestan must lie through Arystan-Bab Mausoleum erected over the tomb of Ahmed Yassavi teacher, according to legend, who appeared in a dream Tamerlane saint she said that first you need to build a mausoleum over the grave of the saint Arystan Baba (teacher and spiritual mentor HA . Yasavi), and then over the tomb of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi that Tamerlan .Poetomu pilgrims first visited the mausoleum Arystan-Bab, and then the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi. Pilgrims say three trips to Turkestan equal small hajj to Mecca.